Linguistic Codification

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Maikel Nabil Writes from Prison: Between Unity and Tolerance – A Plan to Fragment the Egyptian Revolution

Originally published at Free Maikel Nabil Facebook page on Monday, May 16, 2011 at 8:12pm. Also available in Arabic
Why did the revolution succeed in Mubarak’s fall? Simply because everybody joined it – In Tahrir there were liberals, Islamists, pro-peace, anti-Semites, nationalists, Muslims, Christians, Bahais and atheists… All of those lived together for 18 continuous days in the square, accepted each other, lived as one man, no clashes happened between them, all of them raised the Egyptian flag and none of them raised his religious, factious or political slogans – This case of accepting the other and peaceful coexistence between different groups of people made that the revolution strong, solid and unable to be fragmented or split. The thing which in the end lead to force Mubarak to go.

Between Unity and Tolerance
Before I start showing or clarifying the scenario which was implemented during the past three month, we should have a realization between the important distinction between unity and tolerance.
“Unity” is to be the same thing, no difference between us. Copying of each other exactly as the goods coming out of any factory. Each piece looks similar to other pieces exactly, no difference in length, width, weight or anything else.
“Tolerance” is to be different, but can contain the difference, we’re different and working together, realizing differences between us… Here we are different, but we work together hand in hand because we were able to overcome the differences between us.

• The idea of unity between evil in its essence is an impossible idea, because evil didn’t come out of one factory or one machine – they differ in beliefs, so if they agreed with a belief they would differ in doctrine, if they agreed with the doctrine they would disagree in the school of thought and if they agreed with the school of thought they would disagree with the teacher or the thought which they lean to – thus the possibility to get a mass with a big section agreeing in all big and small things is an impossible idea. The reason is the failure of unity projects in history. Hitler attempts failed in purification for genetics of the German people. The pan-Arab attempts failed, as well, because we realize that the people of the region have deep religious, racial and linguistic differences and it was impossible to achieve any type of union between them. For that reason, also the projects of nationalism failed, because humans have different priorities and it’s impossible to unite all the people in one project – maybe for that reason the attempts of merging political parties fail, and for the same reason splittings happen continuously inside the political entities.
• If our revolution was a liberal revolution it would have failed, because only liberals would have participated in it. If our revolution was Islamic it would have failed, because only Islamists would have participated in it. If the revolution was looking for a group a people with unity it would have failed because it wouldn’t have collected enough individuals. For that reason all attempts of the revolution failed in the past years, because each time it was an attempt to color it with a specific political current, one time 6th of April demonstrations, another time an activation for the Muslim Brotherhood, another time a workshop for the liberal current, another time an uprising for judges… Any activation for a current having some kind of a unity had to be weak and won’t achieve results. That what the Egyptian opposition realized last year in the revolution, so the efforts were exerted to form the National Association for Change, despite its disadvantages it didn’t look for unifying ideas and ideologies (it didn’t look for unity) but it looked for overcoming the differences between the political currents (tolerance) and collaboration in one collective work without clashing with the individual differences between the forming entities of the association.
• The same thing was made by the group “We’re All Khaled Said” and before it “My name is Khaled Said” when they intended in their activities to only raise the Egyptian flag and go out to ask for the same political demand, without raising their own political parties’ flags or ideologies – tolerance, overcoming differences and everyone’s collaboration in one work regardless of religious or political difference, the scenery of a Muslim reading Koran near a Christian reading the bible at Alexandria Corniche; a Muslim Brotherhood member hand in hand with a liberal, an atheist near a Salafi – That was the spirit which led to the revolution.
• Also, that case of tolerance led to the success of 1919 revolution, the Christian with the Muslim with the Jewish, the liberal with the communist, the owner of properties with the worker, men with women, old people with children – the more the degree of tolerance you have, the more the number of the ones who differ with you can accommodate, the more you become stronger and more influential.
• Rassd Network did the same thing in its beginning to achieve success. It didn’t announce its ideological identity. It worked neutrally and accommodated everybody despite their differences, so it became the main information source for the Egyptian revolution… However, it didn’t continue on the same approach and started to be prejudiced towards the current which it has some kind of unity with, so its glamor lessened and it started to lose its value.
• Maybe there are many who don’t know the simple distinction between seeking for unity and seeking for tolerance, but we saw the core difference between the two things and how the unity leads to failure while tolerance gains you strength and pushes you to success.

The Fragmentation Plan for the Egyptian Revolution
• First stage, 25th January – 11th February
• Second stage, 11th February – 4th March
• Third stage, 4th March – 21st March

First stage, 28th January – 11th February
The stage of fragmenting the revolution started with the rise of Omar Soliman (the former chief of General Intelligence) to the position of vice president of the republic. He was the one to administrate the the project of fragmenting the revolution until the president stepping down.
• At that stage the pan-Arab current was separated from the body of the revolution. That clearly appeared in more than one behavior between them.
• When the name of Baradei was suggested to negotiate in the name of the revolution, some kind of an agreement happened on his name from liberals, leftists and Islamists. At then, Hamdein Sabbahi appeared and announced that Baradei doesn’t represent him.
• Also, Amr Moussa joined in the separation of the nationalistic current from the revolution when he went to Tahrir and asked the revolutionaries to depart, which created mosses between the revolutionaries and Amr Moussa supporters.
• Some demonstrators joined that separation also, who deliberately raised nationalistic slogans to turn the direction of the revolution towards pan-Arab issues. They used anti-Semitic Nazi slogans, then the Israeli media concentrated on those slogans as the picture of the Egyptian revolution, which put peace activists of Egypt in a big embarrassment because of their being part of the revolution.

The second stage, 11th February – 4th March
The fragmentation plan of the Egyptian revolution needed a sufficient time and the continuation of the revolution with its strength didn’t give the enemies of the revolution their sufficient time to destroy it. The revolution succeeded in the first stages and Mubarak was excluded. Here, the second stage started in fragmenting the revolutionary entity which is the separation of the Egyptian left from the revolution entity.
During the period of 25th January and 11th February, the societal-groups demands were part of the revolution. Workers, farmers and other workers’ groups participated in the revolution. The revolution accommodated their demands and didn’t exclude them or ask them to stop asking for their demands.
After Mubarak’s stepping down, a rumor came out (it didn’t need great cleverness to realize that its source is the same which is responsible for the first one) saying that the societal-groups’ strikes are part of the counter-revolution driven by State Security and that the revolutionaries have to unite on political demands and to delay the societal-groups’ demands (exactly as the black bull decided with the red bull to submit the white bull to the wolf. The revolutionaries fell for the trap and ate the bait and joined the propaganda against the societal-groups’ demands (which was crowned with a law preventing protests). Here I found the Egyptian left itself is besieged by the religious and the secular right from one side (the revolutionaries) and the army from another side (considered as the authority) and between the workers cadre from another side in which the leftist activists can’t abandon… Each time, the revolutionaries took time to make a cessation resisting the societal-groups’ demands; the distance between the revolutionary entity and the Egyptian left became wider… Consequently, at the end of this stage, 2 political currents (the left and the pan-Arabs) became isolated from the rest of the sectors which participated in the revolution.

The third stage, 4th March – 21st March
With the end of the second stage, there wasn’t left an alliance except the Egyptian right (with its civilian fold which is represented by liberals and the religious fold which is represented by the Islamists). What was needed is to fragment that alliance, so the resorting to the deceiving referendum on the constitutional modification came… I think it has become clear to everybody that this referendum didn’t have any legislative goal. The referendum result wasn’t considered later and the constitutional proclamation containing some of the text which was voted on (and it lacked one of the sections which was agreed upon its modification)… So, what was the goal of the voting?
• Everybody noticed the rapprochement which appeared between the military and the Muslim Brotherhood since the beginning of the Committee for the Constitutional Modifications which was headed by Tarek El-Beshri (who is close to the Muslim Brotherhood) which included in its membership Sobhi Saleh the member of the Muslim Brotherhood who represented it in many general meetings after that. Then it was noticed: after that the Muslim Brotherhood advertising campaign which included not a little amount of thanking and praise for the Supreme Council of Armed Forces!!!
• Also, at that stage, the strange alliance between the Muslim Brotherhood, the Salafis and the Islamist groups appeared, as well as their promotion for that the ones who refuse the constitutional modifications oppose Islam and are financed from abroad and that voting for yes is a religious obligation…. A huge campaign turned the conflict with the modifications into being religious. That conflict split the alliance between the civilian right and the religious right. Here, the right gone away which searched for an alliance with the left, but the time became shorter than making new alliances after the loss of the advantage of the tolerant revolutionary entity which overcame the internal differences.

What happened later
A few days after the referendum, I was arrested, consequently I became unable to follow the details of what is happening outside the prison but I’m continuing explaining the rest of the scenario (the plan)… However, it won’t get out of the context of that plan. Also, the incident of my arrest which made a split between some of the supporters of my opinions, the anti-militarist and the advocating for peace, as well as, between who differ with my opinion or the seekers for political position and don’t want to make their relation with the military turbid.
Also, in that context comes a scenario receiving the legitimacy from the military. The military council chooses who sits with it and who is being tried before a military court. Thus, it determines who would represent the revolution in front of the media and who would the guided media start snapping his corpse and who would the media represent his ideas.
Also, in that context, the scenario of distracting the political activists by the trap of the law of establishing political parties which asked for an exaggerated number from the party founders (500 founder) in addition to huge sums of money… The normal result would be that all the activists would be busy with the political party bureaucracy to establish a new political party. They have become busy from the revolutionary role needed to continue the rest of the revolution demands. Thus, the revolutionary row has been fragmented into a group of emerging entities which needs big effort and time of the ones who are in charge of it which won’t allow them to continue the rest of the stages of the revolution.

I’ve always believed that I was a writer and my role is to present the analysis for my readers and now after my imprisonment I became unable to participate by any role except that role (despite the high cost I’m paying because of that role).
Now, I don’t have anything but to advise the revolutionaries to know exactly who wants the counter-revolution? Who mobilizes it? Also, to realize that the revolution wasn’t completed yet and that it is improper for us to be divided on ourselves while we are still in the middle of the battle… It’s a call for tolerance, for accepting difference, overcoming the differences and the collective work under the banner of the homeland till we reach the civilian democratic state in which the martyrs died for and the victims were injured, the missing people disappeared, the revolutionaries went to prisons.
Our strength is in our cohesion, our tolerance and our collective work. The future will decide, are we going to win or lose in completing our revolution?

                                                                                Marg Experimental prison – Qalyubia


Marshal Law in Egypt (May 8, 2011)

Text of the Marshal Law in Egypt by Press Service of Interior Ministry on Sunday, May 8, 2011 at 4:23am
Marshal law
Article 1
Marshal law could be declared whenever security and public order in the state or in a side of it face danger, or because of the occurrence of armed aggression on it or fear of its imminent happening, or by the cause of internal disturbances.
As well as, Marshal law could be declared to ensure safety of the armed forces and ensure its supplying and protecting its transportation roads and other than that which include with its movements and its militarist activities outside the lands.

The rest could be translated there sometime

CNN: Egypt: Military Court Looks in the First “Opinion” Case of a Blogger

Update: Maikel’s military trial was delayed to Sunday, the 10th after the intelligence said its opinion about him and the lawyers replied, as well as some papers will be submitted by lawyers.
(CNN; Dubai, Emirates)– The military court in Egypt continued looking in the first “opinion case” of its kind, criticizing the Egyptian army, which is heading the authority in the country, since the revolution of January 25th, which decided postponing the case to Wednesday session, with expectations of the verdict before the end of the current week.
    Maikel Nabil Sand, the human rights activist and the youth blogger, is facing charges with publishing “false news” and “offending the armed forces” on his personal blog “Son of Ra” (ابن رع), with dropping of another charge in the previous session, that the military prosecution addressed to him, related to “disturbing public security”.
    The Egyptian security arrested the youth blogger at the end of the past month, after he had published a long detailed research on the relation between the army and the people throughout the period of the revolution, titled “The Army and the People Were Never Hand in Hand”. He documented his research with reports published in various media. He’s also the founder of the group “No for Compulsory Military Service” on the social network, “Facebook”.
    It’s expected that Wednesday session the hearing of the pleading defense, according to Mamdouh Nakhla (ممدوح نخلة), the lawyer of the accused, in his statements to Arabic CNN on Tuesday, pointing that it’s expected the the court issues its final decision in the case during Wednesday session or Thursday, for the furthest expectation.
    CNN Arabic wasn’t able to get an official comment from the armed forces side on the case which is considered the first since its assuming power to the country’s affairs, in which a military spokesperson reported that the case is being looked in front of the judicature and it’s impossible to comment on it, stressing on the “integrity” of the military judicature.
    Since Maikel arrest in the 28th of last March and his transmission to the military court, the youth blogger wasn’t able to communicate with anyone of his family members except on the second day, when his father was able to meet him finding him under tightened guarding as if he were a “dangerous terrorist”, as reported by one of his family members in a previous call with CNN Arabic.
    The military court held the first session to start judging Maikel, last Thursday, when it addressed to him charges, including “publishing false news” and “offending the armed forces” while the charge of “disturbing the public security” was dropped, however in a second session, which was dedicated to the “disengagement” of the inventory of the documents of the case, the defense team asked for postponement, to view the papers and the file of the case.
    The defense complained about what it described as evasion from the army side, which one of the lawyers confirmed that “whenever we look for Maikel’s name in the cases’ log we don’t find it and lawyers don’t find it, we were surprised that the trial had started.”
    In previous statements, Mamdouh Nakhla, the lawyer, the head of “Elkelma” foundation for human rights: “The army might have search behind Maikel to make a lesson out of him to other youth.”
    He pointed out that at the beginning of the proceeding, the prosecutor wrote: “In the context of searching of the army for elements which raise strife between the army and the people”, which means that “the army is the one which searched after Maikel, follows him and he was arrested to intimidate other youths”, according to the lawyer.
    Nakhla expressed his expectation for the “issuance of a fast verdict for the case”, pointing out that cases of military courts don’t take more than one week.
    He added that “in case the trial was done in a fair manner, we expect that Maikel receives acquittance, but in the case of the military committee practicing pressure on the court, it would sentence him from one to three years.”
    Sahar Maher (سحر ماهر), the political activist and Maikel’s fellow, pointed out to the existence of a “monitoring” from the army to Maikel’s activity and she stressed on that he is “the first youth to attack the army openly, even before the revolution”, since he had launched the group “No for Compulsory Military Service.”
    The political activist considered in her statements to Arabic CNN, that “all the charges against him (Maikel) are unjustified, they even represent a violation against freedom of expression, since the first thing we asked for in the revolution was freedom.”
    She pointed at there are more than 600 persons “support Maikel’s thought” and asked: “so why aren’t all of them are tried for their support for that thought?”
    Maikel was subjected to arrest from the military police in the 8th of last February, before Mobarak, the ex-president, stepping down, when he held a sign during Liberation square demonstrations, he wrote on it: “civil [state] not militarist and not religious and enough for militarist rule since 52”.
    At that time, other reports pointed that he “was subjected to torture” after his arrest with 7 other supporters of Mohamed Elbaradei, the ex-director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, who announced his intention to run for the next presidential elections.

The previous article was originally published in Arabic on
All rights reserved to CNN.

Facebook pages
Free Maikel Nabil Sanad
We’re all Maikel Nabil because they didn’t stop after Khaled Said
Egyptian pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad arrested for insulting the military

Important links and international coverage
Human Rights Watch: Egypt: Drop Charges Against Blogger Critical of Military
Reporters Without Borders: Military police arrest blogger for criticizing armed forces
ANHRI: Egyptian Human Rights Organizations: When Extremists Cut Off An Egyptian Citizen’s Ear And Get Pardoned While A Blogger Is Court Martialed Over Opinions On His Blog, Then Egyptian Justice And Freedom of Expression Are At Stake.
War Resisters’ International: Trial of Egyptian pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad for “insulting the military” / War Resisters’ International observer in Cairo
War Resisters’ International: EGYPT: Egyptian pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad arrested for insulting the military
Human Rights First: Egyptian Military Detains Activist: Take Action!
Human Rights First: Urgent! Egyptian activist arrested
Süddeutsche Zeitung: Maikel Nabil Sanad – critical blogger of the regime suspiciously eyed by the army
Al Jazeera English (Youtube video): Egypt military trying political prisoners
Democracy Review: Maikel Nabil Arrested Again And To Face Military Court in Egypt
Democracy Review: Maikel Nabil Support Increases with Human Rights Organizations and in Media
IndyMedia UK: EGYPT: Egyptian pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad arrested for insulting the military
News 24: Egypt military urged to cancel blogger trial
Words & Swords: Help free blogger Maikel Nabil !
Words & Swords: Today a blogger – tomorrow ?
Arab American Institute: Egyptian Activist Arrested for “insulting the military institution”
All Africa: Egypt: Military Police Arrest Blogger for Criticizing Armed Forces
Al-bab: Egyptian accused of insulting the army
Salem-News: Egyptian Pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad Charged with Insulting the Military: Trial Adjourned to Sunday Blogger Critical of Egyptian Army Arrested
Connection e.V.: Egyptian pacifist Maikel Nabil Sanad arrested for insulting the military
Ekklesia: Egyptian activist on trial for ‘insulting the military’
almasryalyoum: Military court postpones trial of blogger accused of insulting the military (01/04/2011; Egyptian journal; they didn’t publish it in Arabic)
The New York Times: Hero of Egypt’s Revolution, Military Now Faces Critics
Washington Post: What Egyptian revolution?

For more information, call: [0020]01270395098

A Message on Facebook about Maikel Nabil Sanad

An urgent message on Facebook about Maikel Nabil Sanad:
Please publish in all newspapers, it’s necessary.
Maikel was caught on the 28 of March by the intelligence and after he went to the trial on the 29th in the morning, a spray was sprayed on his face so that he won’t concentrate in the trial and mess up while talking.
Maikel is a solitary detainment and not allowed to go out except for an hour per day. He’s also prevented to talk to anyone.
This is a violation against the person’s rights.

The previous message was originally published in Arabic here:

ANHRI: A Signature Campaign for Stopping the Trial of Maikel Nabil

Maikel Nabil Sanad is represented in front of the military court charged by “insulting the military institution and publishing false news” and “disturbing public security.” It is possible that Maikel face a judge of prison for a period of time extending to 3 years in the martial prison.Free Maikel
We don’t defend Maikel but we defend each freedom of opinion and expression. The opinion is confronted with an opinion and not with imprisonment. No to military trials for civilians.

We request the signature on that request supporting the freedom of opinion and to stop military trials for civilians.

The previous article was originally published in Arabic here:

Maikel Nabil Brother: My Brother Awaits a Military Trial of 18 Years in Hours

17:00 — 29 March, 2011
Written by: Marian Said
Mark Nabil, the brother of Maikel Nabil [Sanad], said in a phone call to “” that he received a call from his brother a while ago telling him that he awaits a military trial not less than 18 years, indicating that the sentence will be issued in 48 hours.
Mark added: that what was published in his brother’s blog is real and he doesn’t make up the events, saying, “the video is real and not fabricated”.
On the other side, Mr. Haitham Mahammadein, “Maikel Nabil” lawyer: the sentence shouldn’t exceed 3 years because he is accused of a misdemeanor and not a felony. He explained that the charge against him is “insulting the military institution, publishing false news about the military institution and threatening the public security.”

It’s worth mentioning that the military police arrested Maikel Nabil yesterday from his home at Ein Shams (عين شمس) neighborhood and he was not given the right to call a lawyer, additionally he is being tried at one of military courts in the Tenth neighborhood area (El-Hay El-Asher الحى العاشر), as well as, he owns the blog “Son of Ra” (ابن رع) and he deals with many of the latest political events raised on the arena in articles. In addition to, he is the leader of “No for the Compulsory Military Service” movement.

The previous article was originally published in Arabic here:

“Maikel Nabil Sanad” the Human Rights Activist was Arrested

CET 12:43:08 – 29/03/2011
Written by: Amani Moussa
Maikel Nabil Sand, the human rights activist, was arrested in the evening of the 28th March, from his home in “Ein Shams” neighborhood (عين شمس). It wasn’t known up till now the reason for his arrest or the accusations he is facing. He is going to be tried in a military court at the Tenth Neighborhood (El-Hay El-Asher الحى العاشر).
It’s worth mentioning that “Sanad” is one of the human rights activists and owns the blog “Son of Ra” (ابن رع) where he deals with many of the latest political events raised on the arena in a number of articles.

The previous article was originally published in Arabic here: