Linguistic Codification

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Category Archives: Supreme Council of Armed Forces

Summary on “Maikel Nabil Sanad” Case

Important notice: The article isn’t up-to-date and too many developments happened. Refer to for the latest developments and updates

The activist, the first Egyptian conscientious objector and the first political prisoner after the beginning of 25 January revolution, “Maikel Nabil Sanad”, has been arrested in 28 March, 2011 at night from his home. He has been militarily tried.
Maikel has been moved to the military court immediately and he didn’t even have a chance to inform his family or friends.
He was only able to call his brother secretly by a phone of a recruit and told him that he he was going to be tried after a few hours and he doesn’t know what exactly is he accused of.
Friends of Maikel telephoned “El-Nadeem Center for Torture Victims Rehabilitation” to send him a lawyer. The lawyer was told that Maikel isn’t there and they don’t know anything about that name. Later the activists and relatives knew that it was a deceit attempt from the Military Court.

Maikel is a pacifist political activist and a blogger who founded “No for Compulsory Military Service Movement” and he wrote later an article to bring the military mask off and show how it is involved in torturing activists and protesters as well as making virginity tests for female protesters.

Maikel was sentenced for three years in prison with hard labor and maximum security for the charge of insulting the military institution, as well as the charge of publishing false information about the army. The sentence was issued after deceiving the lawyer, the activists and relatives that the trial was postponed two days later. The proof for the charges was from the article he wrote. Maikel didn’t insult the Minister of Defense, Tantawi, he only criticized his political role. Maikel wrote about factual incidents made by the army.

Maikel was later moved from the Military Prison to El-Marg prison at Qalyubia. He is being harassed by many means inside the prison. He is denied his right to be examined by a doctor, while he’s in great need for examination because of his weak health and a chronic illness in his blood pressure which affects his heart.

Food provided by prison is very limited and very bad, so his brother has to buy him food on a regular basis and carries it with him each time he manages to visit Maikel.

Maikel’s belongings were stolen from him in prison, his food was destroyed by who work inside prison in order to force him to eat of the prison food which they add drugs on, while it harms Maikel’s blood pressure to eat of the drugged food. Maikel was forced to be locked with serious criminals in a disciplinary ward where terrorists are held. Prisoners there threatened him many times. After making a hunger and a medicine strike, he was later moved to solitary confinement. In the end, he was allowed to be moved to the “public money” ward, locked with less serious criminals. People in charge of the prison warn other prisoners from talking with Maikel, or else they would be punished, making Maikel feel abandoned most of the time.

In El-Marg prison, there exist systematic insults and torturing by the people in charge in prison, adding up to some prisoners’ danger.

Maikel is denied his right to buy newspapers from within prison. Letters sent to him are read by people in charge of prison and almost never given to him. The only way Maikel could know what’s happening in the world is by the limited newspapers which his brother buys for him, giving him them whenever he manages to visit him. Maikel also often asks his brother to get him books. Most of the times, Maikel is prevented from receiving books or newspapers from his brother.

Despite his countless requests, his friends and relatives’ demands, Maikel is always denied the right to be examined by a doctor.
In the last visit to Maikel by his family and friends, they learned that his body is full of allergies because of mites in prison where he sleeps and dirty water in which he showers. Also, Maikel seemed to be extremely fatigued.

After the 18 day-protest from 25 January which led Mubarak to step-down, the prisons allowed prisoners who didn’t flee to have weekly visits, instead of one visit per two weeks. That was being applied to all new prisoners. Maikel was later prevented from having one visit per week and instead one visit per two weeks, for no reason. His visitors weren’t even warned or informed and they once tried to visit him, only to be surprised after hours of interrogation that they are prevented and that Maikel visits have become limited to once per two weeks.
Maikel knew that he may be transferred to a farther prison leading to disallowing him from having visitors.

The Military Court prevented Maikel from making an appeal, by claiming that they didn’t receive the announcement from prison for almost a month wasting Maikel’s chance for an appeal in a period of no longer than 60 days after the ratification of the ruling. The Military Court asked his brother to get the announcement from prison while the prison was commanded by the Military Court not to give the announcement to him. After activists announced making a stand-in in front of El-Marg prison, the Military Court allowed the prison to let an officer go with his brother to the Military Court with the announcement, in order to ask for the repeal. Up till now, after weeks from asking for an appeal, the Military Court didn’t set a date for the session.

In 30 July, 2 journalists were arrested at El-Marg prison because they were covering Maikel’s story. They were only released after burning their film and forcing them to sign a document that it’s a militarist area, while prisons in Egypt are civilian areas!

Note: The military intelligence arrested Maikel Nabil many times before and threatened him because of his conscientious objection to compulsory military recruitment, because of his pacifist beliefs which prevent him from holding a weapon.
A few months ago he had been given his exemption certificate after a very wide publishing of his case nationally and internationally, after he was arrested in a kidnap style from his home.
The last time he had been arrested was by the army in 4 February 2011 while he was leaving Tahrir Square.

Related links
• Official website for the campaign to free Maikel:
• Official Twitter account for the campaign to free Maikel: @freeMaikel
• A compilation for video about Maikel’s case on Youtube:
• A compilation of everything Maikel wrote while imprisoned:
Free Maikel Nabil Sanad Campaign (Facebook page)
We’re all Maikel Nabil because they didn’t stop after Khaled Said (Facebook group)
• Maikel Nabil Sanad: The Army and the People were Never Hand-in-Hand
• Amnesty International: Egypt blogger on hunger strike must be released as health fails (also available in Arabic)
• Amnesty International: Egypt prisoners beaten, denied medical treatment


Some Thoughts on Egypt’s Military and Politics

Some thoughts regarding that article (Egypt’s military seeks future political role)

I think that the militarist rulers made a deal with Islamists, that they would release some of their prisoners, empower their voice, so that they would in return ensure that militarists keep being above the law, ever since 1952 coup d’etat.
I’d say, forget about freedom if militarists aren’t held accountable for their actions. Bastawisi’s suggestion won’t free us.
The militarists (or their endorsers) always propagate that they want a Turkish model of militarist intervention in civil life, while Turkey is moving towards restricting these militarist powers because of its apparent harm to civil life, here in Egypt they propagate that this would help civil life. But, there’s another thing, our militarist rulers are not even close to being secular 😀
“Any political role for the military will hurt democracy,” said Mustafa el-Naggar —— I totally agree.
Yes, uprising against Mubarak threatens the militarist rule and the regime since 1952.
Military’s intervention in economy hurts it so much. Because they are immuned against fair competition in the market.
Ever since Mubarak was ousted, the regime loyal media (including state newspapers like Ahram) kept on making propaganda for militarists and whitewashing their reputation and even for militarists involved in 1952 coup d’etat.
Lies: the military didn’t stand with the revolutionaries. Many things prove that, including the Camel Battle on the second of February, when it allowed thugs to attack and kill protestors. I think that the over 11000 prisoners who were arrested after 25 January (mostly starting of 28 January) up till now, were presented as thugs and framed-up charges for them, when in reality they were of revolutionaries. If that number were really thugs, how come they are still hired to attack opponents? Also, how come they (along with Islamists) do the job of thuggery, for example, against a symposium made in Embaba, against military trials for civilians.
That number of 11000 is close to the number of arrested Syrians 🙂 Do I see a correlation? 😉 Except that the Syrian regime didn’t pretend to stand with the revolutionaries.
Moreover, in Egypt, Maikel Nabil Sanad said it, as well as colonel Omar Afifi (living in exile in US) that the Egyptian army was commanded by the US that they shouldn’t use the American weapons in oppressing protesters because that would harm the American weaponry business.
“The junta is not different from Mubarak,” says another Tahrir banner.——— I totally agree, in fact, Mubarak was the one to appoint them, also they warmly greeted him in one of their statements (one of the very early statements 2nd, 3rd or 4th, I can’t remember).
I feel very scared after Omar Afifi, along with Al-Diyar newspaper and Al-Masreyeen said that the Egyptian army sent Sami Anan to US to take permission of them to be allowed to end the sit-in by force in Tahrir and other places. Especially because 23 July, the day of the coup d’etat, is near. Ruling militarists are concerned that it would be the end for their power. Similarly to the start of 25 January protests, when they were chosen to be at the date of the police holiday. US gave the green light to EgyArmy. :S

Related links
Egypt army moves to secure key role in country’s future

Response to: Anne Frank a ‘fake,’ says ‘liberal’ Egyptian leader

I made that article as a response to a Jerusalem Post article (Anne Frank a ‘fake,’ says ‘liberal’ Egyptian leader).

First, I object describing Wafd political party as influential. Second, those are the political parties which were allowed to survive in Mubarak era. To be able to work at Mubarak era you must be not influential. Third, it’s the first time for me to know about “Ahmed Ezz el-Arab”.
The stupid stories he was saying are those stories long propagated by Mubarak regime. His views are common because as I said, they were propagated in the media and the state-sponsored information during Mubarak era who some consider Mubarak as a friend of Israel and a preserver of peace!
Amr Bargisi claim about the vast majority of Egyptians isn’t true. There are many people, but definitely not the vast majority. Who is Amr Bargisi, anyway? Is he a famous person in order not to at least mention who is he? What was his stance on the 12 days of 25 January protests? Did he follow it? Did he see that it wasn’t the making of sectarian groups!
I also suspect the claim of powerfulness of Muslim Brotherhood. If it were true, why did 27 May big demonstration succeed while they kept on defaming it and who called for it as well as challenging their patriotism and honor and appeasing to the Supreme Council of Armed Forces calling it the Friday of subversion between the army and the people (the exact quote of militarists of SCAF!)
No political party in Egypt is influential and 25 January proved so, because none of them called for demonstrations and some of them (including Muslim Brotherhood) spoke against 25 January protests 🙂
It’s not a surprise that a veteran is in favor of Islamism. Oh, did you think militarists (and SCAF) are for secularism? 😀 It was clear that SCAF and the Muslim Brotherhood made a deal, since the early days of the revolution, Muslim Brotherhood were the first to accept negotiations with Mubarak.
All of the minor Islamist demonstrations happening in Egypt, especially after 11 February, were 100% staged and allowed by SCAF and were never touched or harassed, while all the other demonstrations were harassed. Examples on Islamist demonstrations, as the Menya demonstration objection on a governor because he is Christian, demonstrating for a Camelia Zakher, a Christian who was made a fabricated picture for her, claiming that she converted to Islam, while she has said numerous times that she never converted to Islam, even in 2010 in an interview for her and another 2011 interview with her husband and son. I heard that she emigrated to Australia.

Related links
• Monday, 21 February, 2011 The Egyptian Army attack on a monastery which they denied (Youtube video) and another higher quality Youtube video

The Military Judicature… A Song and Dance!

The original article was posted at Free Maikel Nabil Sanad in Arabic

* Some of my friends asked me to write about the statements of Lieutenant “Adel Morsi” the chief of the Military Judicature Body, which was published in Ahram on 1 May, 2011… However, after a while I decided not to make the standard of my writings down to that extent; before I was arrested by days, I was writing an article criticizing in it Shimon Peres the president of the state of Israel and Binjamin Netanyahu the Israeli Prime Minister. At that period, also, I was publishing sensitive information about the American Central Intelligence Agency, which was the information in which the American Minister of Defense came in a quick visit to Egypt to prevent its circulation… So, why would I occupy my mind with a person who we didn’t hear about before the revolution and is going to disappear from sight forever as soon as the army gets back to its barracks?
* Maybe the only comment I have on the “Adel Morsi” subject is, I laughed out loud while reading it… The man says that the army doesn’t try anyone because of his ideas or opinions, then he said that no one was arrested from his house, then continues the comedy strongly saying that I was tried for my charged “slandering the armed forces and disrupting the public security” even though I was tried for my charge “publishing rumors and insulting the army”… Man, you made me laugh!

Translation in process. Check again later…

Maikel Nabil Writes from Prison: How to Help Maikel Nabil in Prison?

The original article was posted at Free Maikel Nabil Sanad in Arabic and is also posted in English

The best thing at crisis times is that they make you clearly see your loyal friends. Every crisis I passed through in my life exposed to me the core of people around me… I can say that I’m very happy with the loyal friends who are standing by me in my battle, from various nationalities, ages, religions, ideologies and types. All of them are exerting almost daily efforts so that I be free again… I thank them all and I’m aware that words can’t express my appreciation to their loyalty, but I’m sure that after I get out I would earn a new big family that I belong.
The points that I would talk about now are some things which people can participate with, so that we would be able to manage a successful battle, contributing in a way to my freedom and in another way to prevent the military establishment from repeating the same suppression with anyone else.

1- Helping me to distribute my articles
Help me to deliver my articles to the largest sector of readers… Since I was arrested, I wrote 15 articles. Deliver them to all of your friends’ circle… You may help in translating them and deliver them to all local and foreign newspapers.

2- Demonstrate for me
Join the page “Free Maikel Nabil Sanad” with their stand-ins at Tahrir or in front of the Military Court or Ministry of Defense… Get with you a banner against military trials for civilians and refuse imprisonment in cases of publishing.

3- Write about me
Write about me on your blog and on Facebook. Say your opinion frankly, even if you disagree with me… Keep on writing so that the case won’t die.

4- Mail
You may send post mails supporting me, to someone of the following:
a. Ministry of Defense (Obba Bridge/Kobri El-Obba). Tell the Minister of Defense that you object the ruling against me and ask for the unconditional immediate release for me.
b. Minister of Interior (Lazoghli square). Ask for the improvement of the circumstances of my detention at El-Marg prison.
c. Letters to me to the address of the prison (El-Marg General prison). Those letters give me a big psychological support. However, those letters are read before I receive them and sometimes they don’t give them to me, but the letters make the prison management feel that they ought to treat me better.
d. Letters to me through the page “Free Maikel Nabil Sanad” and those are going to reach me without someone reading them, as well as, I would answer you as soon as the letter reaches me.

5- Talk to journalism about me
Talk to Egyptian and foreign journalists who you know and stimulate them to write on my case.

6- Nominate me to a human rights award: That would make a good pressure in favor of my case.

7- Come to visit me in prison: after co-ordinating with the page “Free Maikel Nabil Sanad”.

I thank again all who are struggling for my freedom and I believe that we are going to celebrate together soon for our country, free of militarists’ suppression.

                                                                          For freedom
                                                                          El-Marg General prison – Qalyubia
                                                                          The Experimental Ward – 18th cell

Maikel Nabil Writes from Prison: The Military Judicature… An Execution Battalion

The original article was posted at Free Maikel Nabil Sanad in Arabic and is also posted in English

* The first time I described the Military Judicature as an execution battalion was on March, 2010, at the time of the trial of the blogger Ahmed Mostafa, charged with the same charge of mine, “publishing false information intending to offend the reputation of the military establishment”… I described it as such based on noticing that since July 1952 coup d’état and till Ahmed Mostafa trial, we haven’t heard of someone militarily tried and was ruled to be “not-guilty”. The “not-guilty” isn’t of the included options available to the Military Judicature… I described it as an execution battalion and not an inquisition, because the inquisition inspects your life to find something to punish you on, while the execution battalion doesn’t need to search for a reason for punishment, it is capable of making-up for you the evidence and all the procedures end for the sake of carrying out its sacred mission, “filtrating enemies”.
* The judge who judged me, or more precisely, “who pronounced the judgment against me” considering that the judgment was issued of higher authorities… With that judge, during the discussion regarding the details of my case, we were subjected to the story of the girls who were arrested at Tahrir, then they were subjected to a compulsory virginity check in the military prison… That Military Judicature said that the girls told him that the military prison really did that, then the judge continued saying that he pitied on them so he ruled for a suspended one year sentence for each one of them! Pity and mercy in the custom of the military judge isn’t the “not-guilty” ruling and not transferring the military prison administration to trial, but admonishing the victims and insulting them. No wonder about that, because that’s the natural role of the Military Judicature as an execution battalion.
* I had sent complaints to the Military Prosecutor, twice, because of violations of individuals of the armed forces against me… The first one was on November, 2010, after I was kidnapped by the hands of the military police from my home and insulted in front of my neighbors, the second was because of arresting me on the 4th of February and assaulting me by hitting and sexually harassing me by the hands of the military police and the Intelligence… In both cases, the Military Prosecution didn’t call for me to open an investigation regarding the complaints, but the first letter (regarding the incident of November, 2010) was sent back to me, although it was received and with the military post stamps… But, what’s tearfully laughable is that I sent the second complaint against the Intelligence on the 22nd of February, 2011, so it reached the Military Prosecutor 3 days later, on the 25th of February, 2011. Instead of the Military Prosecutor ordering for an investigation with Intelligence Military Officers regarding my accusation of them, he issued on the same day (25th of February, 2011) a Prosecution permission for the Intelligence to monitor my blog preparing for my trial.
* My trial included also many scandalous things… As an example, I was investigated by a Military Prosecution then by a Military Judge, both of them can’t speak English and don’t have any knowledge about the internet. They are required to judge in an electronic publishing case… Undoubtedly, a futile epic, as to mention, the judge confused the internet with Facebook and he didn’t realize the difference between both… Salutations to justice!
* Also, the trial was fast, journalists and media professionals were banned from attending the hearing sessions, many lawyers were banned from entering the military court, my defense wasn’t allowed to copy the case file except before the pleading by 48 hours, later I discovered that they were given a summarized version of the investigations (2 pages) while my investigations before the Military Prosecutor were in about 20 pages… So, how could the defense plead in a case they don’t know its details? Isn’t that a violation of my right to defend myself and my right to a fair trial?
* The Military Prosecution Investigator (or more precisely, the Military Prosecutor) was discussing with me subjects he doesn’t have the right to discuss in an official investigation; such as, he was investigating with me in my stance regarding the constitutional amendments committee headed by Tarek El-Beshri, as well as, if I had refused these amendments (is refusing the amendments a crime?), also, if the Israelis loved me (is it a crime to be loved by foreign people?), also, about my relationship with my father and family, in addition to my religious belief and if I were a Christian or irreligious. I have a long series of subjects which made me feel that I’m in an inquisition and not in an official investigation in a state of law.
    The investigator himself had several ready-made charges against me. He showed me a document indicating that I swear-worded [the Field Marshal] Tantawi, but he told me that he won’t include that point with the charges… Then, he told me that investigations of the Military Intelligence confirms that I’m irreligious and that being irreligious is something that leads to a disorder in the society which violates the law and requires the investigation but he also won’t add that charge to my case file… Just imagine how was my feeling when I saw the Military Prosecution owning several ready-made charges against me and it chooses for me in accordance with the liking and the instructions!
* The judge, who pronounced the judgment against me, refused to allow me to get witnesses to support me in my case… The army accused me of promoting rumors, but when I requested eyewitnesses confirming that these published news are events which really happened and not rumors, the judge refused to allow me to get those witnesses to prove I’m not-guilty… Moreover, he allowed one witness in my case who is the officer in charge of my file in the Military Intelligence and he was also the one to make my case file, but the judge called for him as a technical expert, while the rules of logic and justice says that the technical expert must be a neutral party, not my enemy who made the case against me.
* My case included tens of other scandals which take longer talk than I can do here, in which I would reveal whenever I’d be able to… But, in the end, I want to tell my readers that throughout the period of the trial, I was smiling, enjoying the theatrical play being played in front of me; because I realize that I’m not in a trial from the first place and that the judge had been already issued on me. I enjoyed following the supernumerary actors while performing their roles and I know that the true stars of the play are sitting in their offices at Obba Bridge (Kobri El-Obba).
                                                                                          Marg General prison – Qalyubia
                                                                                          Experimental Ward – 18th cell

Maikel Nabil Writes from Prison: Offending a Whore’s Reputation

The original article was posted at Free Maikel Nabil Sanad in Arabic and is also posted in English

      Yesterday, the prison department sent me a delegate to inform me about the ratification of the sentence against me of the military court to 3 years, charged with offending the military establishment reputation.
At that time, I felt for the thousand time with the farce of the reputation of the whore… I felt that I was accused of offending a whore’s reputation, despite that the whore offends herself and her reputation by her whoring. Because, it’s normal that the individual reaps the fruits of his work, so it’s normal that the whore has a reputation similar to her acts… So, how does the whore sue me for the charge of offending her reputation, when her whoring was what offended her and not me?
The army also does the same thing… The army finds nothing disgraceful in kidnapping activists from their homes. No problem for it to break-up by force peaceful sit-ins. It doesn’t feel guilty making compulsory virginity checks to innocent female revolutionaries who were prosecuted from Tahrir square. It doesn’t feel embarrassed when it gets one-third of the state budget (about 100 billion Egyptian pounds) despite Egypt’s passage through an economic crisis and that budget isn’t subjected to any kind of supervision, transparency or accountability. The army doesn’t have any sensitivity of prosecuting the revolution youth, torturing them, framing-up charges for them and unfairly militarily try them…
All of that in the eyes of the army are things which don’t offend the reputation of the military establishment, but when a youth activist publishes evidence documenting those violations, then that would be in the eyes of the army an offense deserving a revolt and deserves to occupy the time of the Military Intelligence, as well as to be considered by the “General Military Prosecutor” (not the Military Prosecution).
      The army became accustomed to giving itself and its men all types of legal immunity. The army lives on a huge arsenal of restrictive laws to civil liberties and rights, starting from the law banning publishing any information on the armed forces till the sections in the Penal Code which criminalizes offense for the reputation of the state establishments., till the Code of Military Justice which authorizes the Military Prosecution, the Military Police, the Military Intelligence and the Military Justice huge powers starting from prosecuting any Egyptian citizen, monitoring his communications and militarily try him. It can judge for his execution and that judge can’t be appealed or repealed before a civilian court… Above all of that, the militarists are not tried before a normal court, to reach the silly end that an army officer is tried before a colleague judge or a student. In the strangest futile manifestations in making the behaviors of militarists outside the frame of accountability.
What’s humorous is that all of these ways which fortify the militarists are a proof on their own that there is something (or many things) having a loathsome smell inside the military establishment… Christ had described the evil ones as “they liked the darkness because their acts were evil”, so it is natural that the virtuous and the uncorrupted welcome transparency and publicity because they haven’t done anything to be afraid of its exposure, whereas the military establishment by its insistence on not subjecting its budgets to parliamentary supervision or Central Accountability Agency, and that the weaponry deals don’t pass on the the parliament otherwise the General Prosecution would be authorized to inspect military areas, also the ones who were militarily tried won’t be tried again before a civilian judiciary; all of these restrictions confirm that there are behaviors and many practices which the military establishment fears to be exposed to the public opinion.
      Getting back to the charge of “offending the reputation of the armed forces”. It’s a silly humorous charge, we don’t hear about it in any democratic state owning armed forces and not armed gangs. In Israel, no one drew any charge to the crew of the film “Spirit of Shaked” despite that the film – which was aired on the Israeli TV – accused the Israeli army of committing a war crime (killing prisoners of war), whereas the law in Israel criminalizes publishing military secrets, but it doesn’t criminalizes exposing human rights violations, either the one who committed these violations were a civilian or a militarist. In the United States, we haven’t heard of anyone drawing charges on offending the reputation of the American army when the pictures of the American army violations were published in Abu Ghraib jail or Guantanamo prison at Cuba… I don’t know why is the Egyptian army sensitive to that extent on its reputation, more than the American or the Israeli army? But, this is the nature of things, the whore is always more violent defending herself, because the whore’s acts condemn her and she fears the talk about her acts, lest she would be condemned.
      In the bible, there was a story of pigs which were struck by madness, so they ran to throw themselves in the sea. The shepherds tried to prevent them, but they couldn’t. In the end, the pigs died… The army also does the same thing and it insists with foolish madness on antagonizing the people against it, opening the eyes on its wrong practices, it doesn’t listen to any kind of advices which warn it from running towards its end… In the end, we did what we have to do and what satisfies our consciences, the army has to reap the fruits of its acts.
                                                                                          Marg general prison
                                                                                          The Experimental Ward – 18th cell
* Note: My usage for the term “whore” in that text doesn’t mean in any way that I’m against sexual liberties and doesn’t mean that I look down on sexually liberated individuals (males or females), but I’m surely against betrayal and I consider it whoring. Also, I expect that people accept the results of the behaviors which they choose.